Friday, August 21, 2015

Highway 242 and the Belknap Craters

Highway 242 is only open for a few months of the year, so hikers in the know seize the opportunity to drive this narrow, old pass as it romps its way over the Cascades from Belknap Hot Springs to Sisters. The thin slip of pavement climbs, drops, and careens, at times giving the feeling that you are about to meet yourself coming around the hairpin corners; this is not a place to bring your big camp trailer. The road passes through thick, lush westside forest, high mountain trees, eastside pines, and vast fields of lava.

The Pacific Crest Trail crosses Highway 242 and traverses a huge lava flow here on its way from The Three Sisters to Mount Washington. While the lava looks impassible, the PCT offers moderately experienced hikers an access point for this fascinating landscape and a panorama-packed hike to Big and Little Belknap Craters. Plan on about seven miles round trip; some of the trail is cross-country at times, and lava tubes near the trail demand investigation, so the total distance may vary a bit.

The Dee Wright Observatory, a rough stone building with stunning 360-degree views, stands at the Old McKenzie Pass summit. Just west of the summit, look for a small parking area among the trees on the north side of the road. The trail heads north here, toward the lava field. Due to the rough landscape, this hike is not recommended for small children. The lava can cut dogs' paws, but they should not be left in a vehicle in this exposed, usually sunny area. It is best to leave them at home or with a non-hiker. Wear sturdy shoes and carry water, as there is none along the trail.

The trail passes through a lovely forest, then enters the lava. It is an abrupt transition, with walls of lava suddenly rising above the woodland. Note two treed "islands" in the midst of the lava field. After about two miles, look for a trail to the right; this small path leads about one-third of a mile to rugged Little Belknap Crater. There are many lava tubes in this area, some of them quite deep. Use caution when going off-trail in this unforgiving terrain.

Back on the PCT, continue about another quarter mile, leaving the lava flow and reentering the trees. Watch for a thin, probably unmarked, track on the left. This leads to the base of Belknap Crater, a large, hollow dome. The southerly trails are clearly visible along the side of the dome, but coming down again can be a bit unsettling, as the cinders slide out from underfoot and there is nothing to slow a potential fall. Continue another quarter mile on the PCT to access the easiest trail to the top, along the northeast flank, but note that early in the year this may be under snow. Either way, after enjoying the view from the summit, return the way you came.

This whole area is along the summit of the Cascades, and the views are breathtaking on all sides. The Dee Wright Observatory offers a consolation hike for those unable to make the Crater trip. The Observatory itself is worth a visit, as well; be sure to take your camera for views framed by the "window" openings.

Sunset on Scott Lake
There is camping all along this highway, which is itself a popular destination for families, bicyclists, and daytrippers. There are several developed campgrounds, including Cold SpringLimberlostAlder Springs, and scenic Scott Lake. Dispersed camping is also widely available all along the way, and the area is peppered with excellent backpacking destinations. Alternatively, stay at Belknap Hot Springs on the west end, or book a hotel room in Sisters or Bend. Just don't plan to bring a large RV up aptly-named Deadhorse Grade.

The highway roughly follows the pass built by John Templeton Craig in the early 1870s. This hardy pioneer managed to create a roadway through impassible lava fields, only to freeze to death in his roadside cabin in the winter of 1877. Wildflowers bloom abundantly in the warm summer breezes along this remote pass, but winter snows are cruel and deep. Once the flakes begin to fall in October, the highway will close again until the end of June.
The southern trail up Big Balknap. Just say no.
Belknap Crater







Tuesday, August 4, 2015

Hidden Holes and Floating Giants: A Sumpter History Tour

Three huge machines once prowled a wide plain outside Baker City in northeastern Oregon. Floating in small ponds, they were able to move in any direction by moving their ponds as they went. Their presence dominated the landscape for many years as they tore deeply into the earth and piled great mounds of soil and rock in their wakes. These were the dredges, and their long heaps of "tailings" remain to this day. The dredges themselves are now silent, but they are still to be found where the upside-down soil bakes in the high desert sun.

The old mining town of Sumpter is a great destination for families and history lovers. Head south out of Baker on Highway 7, then swing west. Twenty-three miles out of town, watch on your left for the McEwen Station on the Sumpter Valley Railroad . This narrow-gauge train once transported lumber and supplies as well as passengers; now it is available for rides and special events during the summer season. The train is an ongoing restoration project; one of the cars was once cut in half, with one half used as a chicken coop. On your way to the railroad depot, watch for a small, swampy pond on your right. In the pond, you will notice a rough assemblage of ancient lumber: the bones of one of the dredges. All around you will see piles of its tailings. Returning to the highway, note a collection of old buildings, all that remains of the town of McEwen. Behind the old town, there is a tiny cemetery.

A few miles past McEwen, turn right off the highway toward the town of Sumpter. In its heyday, this gold mining boom town boasted three dozen saloons. Now a semi-ghost town with a few shops, Sumpter gives a glimpse into Oregon's wild-west history. Here you will find the last dredge to operate in this area, the Sumpter Valley Dredge. It ceased its digging in 1954 and fell into disrepair, but ongoing efforts have restored and preserved this massive machine. The first floor is open to the public and reasonably accessible. The long chain of buckets remains where it stopped decades ago, reaching down into the pond. Inside the dredge hull itself, dirt and rock were sifted and washed in a continual search for gold. The resulting earthy mix was then dumped out of a long boom in the rear. Much of the machinery used in this process remains inside the dredge, larger-than-life and mystifying to modern eyes. Outside the dredge there is an outdoor display of miscellaneous mining equipment and an information center/gift shop which offers more information on the area.

If you are not quite ready to head back to Baker, just past Sumpter look for a small road on the right that follows Cracker Creek to the small ghost town of Bourne. As you drive, watch on the right for a pond containing the skeleton of another dredge. Further along, look alongside the road for holes bored into the hillside. These are mines, many of them still active. Tiny, peaceful Bourne does have a few residents, so please be respectful if you stop to take photos.

For a close-up look at some sturdy and occasionally puzzling mining equipment, watch for the Cracker Creek Museum of Mining as  you drive back through Sumpter. During our recent visit we were the only people there and the exhibits seemed somewhat unmaintained, which only added to the fun of examining these old machines. If you do go, be prepared to explore at your own risk; there are no barriers and no restrictions at present.

Back in friendly Baker City, be sure to check out the many well-kept historic buildings in the downtown area. For more history, check out the Baker Heritage Museum and the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center.

A Final Note:
Many ghost towns and interesting old buildings are on private property. Please respect fences and "no trespassing" signs. Everyone we met during our recent visit was pleasant and generous, and we would like to keep them that way.

In many cases, mining claims are a grey area. "Unpatented" claims are public property; the owner merely owns the mineral rights on the claim. "Patented" mines are basically private property. How do you know the difference? In short, you don't, so again, be respectful of fences and signage. Many of the mines in this area are still active, and it should go without saying that rock hounding is not appropriate in someone else's mine!

Old mines are very tempting, but we don't explore them. Here is an excellent PDF on the hazards in and around mines. Visit, take pictures, and safely enjoy the history of this beautiful area. There's a lot more of Oregon left to see.

The authors would like to thank Dwight Gosen for introducing us to this beautiful area.





Remains of a dredge near Bourne

House at Bourne


Watch out for old flumes in this area. These reinforced pipes once carried water to the mines.

Are we in a Tim Burton film? Terry Gilliam? Studio Ghibli? Nope, we are in Baker City. This bizarre crane walked slowly along the nearby plains on two humongous "feet".


A contraption, perhaps a rock crusher, screams silently from its resting place at Cracker Creek.

House in McEwen